Figurative language is so much fun to teach and there are so many picture books that have some great examples on their pages!
I gathered some of my favorite mentor texts to teach seven different types of figurative language.
Here they are:
Idioms are common phrases that mean something different than what they say. For example, it’s raining cats and dogs, or his eyes were bigger than his stomach.
Similes compare two different things using words such as like or as. For example, she is as graceful as a swan or he is cuddly like a bear.
Metaphors compare two things using the words is or are. For example, my pillow is a rock or my grandma is a creampuff.
Hyperbole describes something in an extremely exaggerated way. Tall tales are filled with them. Examples of hyperbole include, I was waiting in line for hours or We’ve seen that movie a million times!
Personification is when nonhumans are described using human qualities. For example, The sun kissed my cheek, or The angry storm raged against the house.
Alliterations are phrases or sentences that start with the same letter or sound. For example, Millie Monkey Made Marvelous Muffins Monday or Brandon Brown bought billions of baseballs.
Onomatopoeia is so much fun to say (and to try to spell!). Onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the noise it makes. For example, bees buzz, bells clang, and engines whirr.
If you’re looking for some Figurative Language resources, I’d love for you to check these out:
Similes Grammar Game (Tic-tac-toe Game)
Similes Grammar Game (Board Game)
Metaphors Game (Matching cards – Birdie themed)
Want to go paperless? This digital reading unit works well in Google Classroom or PowerPoint.
Here’s a FREE set of 10 Figurative Language Posters! Click here to download the free poster set.
Here’s another figurative language FREEBIE you might like. Click here to download a free set of 32 School Idioms task cards
Have any other titles of figurative language picture books you could recommend? I’d love for you to share in the comments.
Thanks for stopping by!